Joanne Mariner is a senior crisis response adviser at Amnesty International. She has investigated violations of international human rights and humanitarian law around the globe, including in armed conflicts in Sudan, Afghanistan, Colombia, the Central African Republic, and the Balkans. Mariner drafted Human Rights Watch's 1999 submission to the House of Lords in the Pinochet case, and is the author of a ground-breaking 2001 report on prison rape. She has conducted advocacy before UN bodies, briefed members of the US Congress on human rights issues, and appeared on national and international media such as BBC World, C-SPAN, ABC News, and NPR. Mariner received the Americain Society of International Law's Distinguished Woman in International Law award in 2005. A graduate of Yale Law School, she served as a law clerk to Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.